Village of Losos-Guba


During World War I, the Russian government built a new strategic railroad to connect Saint Petersburg to the ice-free port of Romanov-on-Murman (now Murmansk). The line was completed in the spring of 1917, too late to have a major effect on Russia’s efforts in World War I, but the Murmansk Railroad was to prove immensely significant during World War II as a link for shipments of Lend-Lease aid from the United States to the Soviet Union. The caption for this 1916 photograph is incorrect; Russian sources have identified the settlement as Kiappesel’ga (in Karelia). Established in the early 18th century, Kiappesel’ga was situated between Kondopoga and Medvezh’ia Gora. The photograph shows the single track curving toward the log houses of the village, with the white Church of Saint George partially visible on the far left. The image is by Russian photographer Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii (1863–1944), who used a special color photography process to create a visual record of the Russian Empire in the early 20th century. Some of Prokudin-Gorskii’s photographs date from about 1905, but the bulk of his work is from between 1909 and 1915, when, with the support of Tsar Nicholas II and the Ministry of Transportation, he undertook extended trips through many parts of the empire.

Date Created

Subject Date

Title in Original Language

Деревня Лосось-Губа

Type of Item

Physical Description

Glass negative (presented as a digital color composite)


  • Prokudin-Gorskii’s photographic work survives primarily in two forms: 1,901 black-and-white triple-frame glass plate negatives, made with color separation filters, which Prokudin-Gorskii used to make color prints and lantern slides; and 12 albums of sepia-tone prints, made from the glass negatives, which Prokudin-Gorskii compiled as a record of his travels and studies. The Library of Congress purchased the glass plate negatives and the albums from the Prokudin-Gorskii family in 1948. In 2004, the Library of Congress had digital color composites made from all the surviving glass negatives using a software algorithm to automatically align the color components. As with most historical photographs, title and subject identifications are corrected and enhanced through new research. Current information on the collection is at

Last updated: September 23, 2016