Portuguese Government Gunboat on the Zambesi River, Used to Preserve Order Among the Natives, Tete, Mozambique, Africa


This photograph, taken in the then-Portuguese colony of Mozambique sometime in the first quarter of the 20th century, is from the Frank and Frances Carpenter Collection at the Library of Congress. Frank G. Carpenter (1855-1924) was an American writer of books on travel and world geography whose works helped to popularize cultural anthropology and geography in the United States in the early years of the 20th century. Consisting of photographs taken and gathered by Carpenter and his daughter Frances (1890-1972) to illustrate his writings, the collection includes an estimated 16,800 photographs and 7,000 glass and film negatives. This photograph was copyrighted by the Ewing Galloway Agency of New York. Ewing Galloway (1881-1953) was an American journalist and editor who opened a photographic agency in 1920. In 1925 he purchased a collection of 8,000 images of Africa and Asia. Galloway photographs were reproduced in numerous books, magazines, schoolbooks, and encyclopedias. The identity of Galloway’s photographers in most cases is not known.

Last updated: April 18, 2012