General Map of the Polish Empire: Showing Postal and Major Roads, Stations and the Distance in Miles between Them


This 1820 map of the Polish Empire, then part of the Russian Empire, is from a larger work, Geograficheskii atlas Rossiiskoi imperii, tsarstva Pol'skogo i velikogo kniazhestva Finliandskogo (Geographical atlas of the Russian Empire, the Kingdom of Poland, and the Grand Duchy of Finland), containing 60 maps of the Russian Empire. Compiled and engraved by Colonel V.P. Piadyshev, it reflects the detailed mapping carried out by Russian military cartographers in the first quarter of the 19th century. The map shows population centers (five gradations by size), postal stations, roads (three types), and provincial and district borders. Distances are shown in miles. Legends, the county name index, and place-names are in Russian and Polish. The territory depicted on the map roughly corresponds to that of present-day Poland. Poland was an independent kingdom in the Middle Ages. In 1569 it unified with Lithuania as part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland was partitioned among Prussia, Russia, and Austria in 1772−95. The eastern portion, known as Congress Poland because it emerged from the Congress of Vienna in 1815, remained a part of the Russian Empire until 1918, after which an independent Polish state was reestablished.

Date Created

Subject Date

Publication Information

Military Topographical Depot, Saint Petersburg

Title in Original Language

Генеральная Карта Царства Польскаго, съ показанiемъ почтовыхъ и большихъ проѣзжихъ дорогъ, станцiй и разстоянiя между оными миль

Additional Subjects

Type of Item

Physical Description

1 hand colored map ; 35 x 37 centimeters


  • Scale 1:1,700,000

Last updated: October 30, 2015