Memorials from Luo Shan


Luo Shan zou shu (Memorials from Luo Shan) is a collection written by Zhang Fujing (1475–1539), whose original name was Zhang Cong. The pronunciation of Cong was the same as that of Emperor Jiajing’s personal name, so Zhang was given the name of Fujing. Zhang received his jin shi degree at the age of 47 after a number of attempts. He rose quickly in government service, becoming grand secretary of the Imperial Library and, within six years of beginning his career as an official, grand cabinet secretary. Zhang Fujing was granted the posthumous title of Wenzhong. Emperor Jiajing was the former Emperor Zhengde’s cousin. His father was the Prince of Xingxian, the fourteenth son of Emperor Zhenghua (reigned 1465–1487). Traditionally if a new emperor was not an immediate descendant of the previous one, he would have to be adopted his predecessor, to maintain an unbroken line. So Jiajing’s proposal not to be adopted posthumously by the previous emperor, but to have his own father declared emperor posthumously, was resisted by many of his officials. But he prevailed, and hundreds of his opponents were banished, physically beaten, or executed. Zhang Fujing took the emperor’s side and in several of his memorials mentioned the Tang emperor Zhongzong as a precedent and expounded on the relationship between a father, a son, and an uncle. This work is a printed edition from the early to mid-16th century and is of seven juan, in five volumes, and one juan of appendices. It is a collection of Zou dui gao (Drafts of memorials), as opposed to the author’s other known work, Yu dui lu, a collection of secret imperial edicts and memorials referring to these edicts issued in 34 juan during the sixth to 15th years of the Jiajing reign (1527–36). The present work contains only about a third of Yu dui lu. Yang He (died 1635), a censor and military official, found Yu dui lu too long, so he selected for this collection only memorials dated 1521–36. The handwritten inscription on the cover of the book is most likely that of Fu Zengxiang (1872–1949), director of the Palace Museum Library and a famed bibliophile with a 200,000-volume personal library. This work may have been in Fu’s collection, but no seal impressions of his library can be found in the book.

Date Created

Subject Date

Publication Information



Title in Original Language


Type of Item

Physical Description

8 juan in 5 volumes

Last updated: January 3, 2018