Memorials to the Throne of Our Glorious Dynasty


This work was one of the banned books in the Qing dynasty. Book banning and destruction have a long history in China and became especially prevalent under Emperor Qianlong (reigned 1736–95) of the Qing dynasty, when the encyclopedia of the Si ku quan shu (The complete collection of the four treasuries) was in progress. Some 3,100 works, about 150,000 copies of books, were either burnt or banned. Books on Ming history, biography, philosophy, literature, and even some works on science, technology, and economics that were regarded as having proscribable content, such as anti-Manchu sentiments or objectionable words, were targeted. This work was not included in Si ku quan shu zong mu (The general catalog for the complete collection of the four treasuries). The title can be found both in Jin shu zong mu (The general catalog of banned books) and in Wei ai shu mu (Catalog of works against custom or law). The general catalog of banned books recorded it with a different title, Bu kui tang ke zou shu (Memorials engraved at Bu kui tang). In the imperial Chinese court, documents, such as memorials and edicts, functioned as tools to facilitate communication between the emperor and his administration and his officials, to enable the emperor to comprehend state affairs and to use them as bases of his policies. The term zou yi chiefly indicates personal memorials presented by high officials to the emperor, often with recommendations and proposals for action. Some memorials might not be sanctioned by the emperor, and others might not ever reach the throne. However, they are important historical sources that help understand the range of views held on various subjects and events at the time. A number of selected memorial collections and writings on state affairs of the Ming dynasty have survived. This work was compiled by Wu Daoxing during the Wanli reign (1573–1620). After receiving his jin shi (doctoral degree) in 1595 and later being promoted to the rank of wen lin lang, Wu Daoxing held office at the Court of Imperial Sacrificial Ceremony. The work consists of 32 years’ documents, dating from the first year of the Wanli reign of the Ming dynasty (1573), arranged in 24 parts, with headings, such as jun dao (the way of the ruler) and guo shi (national policy). The compiler’s preface is dated 1607.


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Tang shi, Jinling (present-day Nanjing)


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6 juan, 16 volumes

Last updated: January 3, 2018