Explanations of Problems in Arithmetic with Examples


Timbuktu, founded around 1100 as a commercial center for trade across the Sahara Desert, was also an important seat of Islamic learning from the 14th century onward. The libraries of Timbuktu contain many important manuscripts, in different styles of Arabic scripts, which were written and copied by Timbuktu’s scribes and scholars. These works constitute the city’s most famous and long-lasting contribution to Islamic and world civilization. This commentary by the 18th-century scholar al-Rasmuki explains a work by the medieval mathematician al-Samlali. Using charts and examples of problems, the commentator demonstrates the rules of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. He also discusses the history and development of mathematics. The text was used extensively by students in Timbuktu and throughout North Africa.

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Subject Date


Title in Original Language

كشف الحجاب للأصفياء الأحباب عن أجنحة الرغاب فى معرفة الفرائض والحساب


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Physical Description

117 leaves

Last updated: September 29, 2014