Send the Eagle's Answer: More Ships


This poster, issued by the publication section of the Emergency Fleet Corporation in Washington, D.C., shows a large, colorful eagle flying above ships setting sail for a distant shore in flames. The Emergency Fleet Corporation was established under congressional mandate by the United States Shipping Board in April 1917, ten days after the United States declared war on Germany. Its purpose was to acquire, maintain, and operate the merchant ships that were needed to transport American troops and their supplies to France. The bald eagle as a symbol of the United States was chosen by Congress in 1782, and eagles were frequently used on American wartime propaganda. This poster is by James Henry Daugherty (1889–1974), a painter and illustrator who produced posters on maritime themes for the U.S. Navy and the U.S. Shipping Board during World War I. Daugherty was born in Asheville, North Carolina, grew up in the Indiana-Ohio area, and studied at the Corcoran School of Art in Washington, D.C. His wide-ranging works include abstract paintings and books for children that he both wrote and illustrated, and for which he won the Caldecott Medal in 1939 and 1957 and the Newbery Medal in 1940.

Date Created

Subject Date

Publication Information

Publication Section. Emergency Fleet Corporation, Washington, D.C.


Type of Item

Physical Description

1 print (poster) : lithograph, color ; 146 x 99 centimeters



  1. “Biographical Sketch,” James Henry Daugherty Papers, Elmer L. Andersen Library, University of Minnesota,

Last updated: February 10, 2014