Rumania's Day


This World War I poster, published in London by the Central Committee for National Patriotic Organisations, shows Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany and King Ferdinand I of Romania arguing while examining a map. The caption reads: “The two forces. Kaiser: ‘So you, too, are against me! Remember, Hindenburg fights on my side.’ King of Roumania: ‘Yes, but freedom and justice fight on mine.’” Romania was at first a neutral non-belligerent, but on August 27, 1916, it declared war on Germany’s main ally, Austria-Hungary. Under a secret treaty signed earlier that month with the Allies (Britain, France, and Russia), Romania was promised, in exchange for joining the war, the territory of Transylvania, then part of Hungary, but populated by millions of ethnic Romanians. On August 28, the Kaiser replaced Erich von Falkenhayn with Paul von Hindenburg as chief of the German general staff, hence the reference to Hindenburg in this poster. The war went badly for Romania, which was overrun by Austrian and German armies and forced to surrender to the Central Powers in May 1917. However, in the Treaty of Trianon of 1920 between the victorious Allies and Hungary, the Romanians were rewarded by the transfer to them of the long-desired territory of Transylvania.

Date Created

Subject Date

Publication Information

Central Committee for National Patriotic Organisations, London


Type of Item

Physical Description

1 print (poster) : lithograph, color ; 75 x 49 centimeters



  1. John Keegan, The First World War (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1999).

Last updated: November 14, 2017