German Women Protest the Colored Occupation of the Rhine


This poster, showing an enormous African soldier seated on the bank of the Rhine River opposite a castle on a cliff, was part of the German propaganda campaign in the early 1920s against foreign military occupation of the Rhineland. Under the November 11, 1918 armistice that ended World War I and the subsequent Treaty of Versailles, Belgium, Britain, France, and the United States were granted the right to occupy German territory along the Rhine. The Germans bitterly resented the occupation and nationalist circles used all manner of propaganda to agitate against occupation. Among the techniques employed was the spreading of rumors about murders and assaults by French colonial troops, especially Africans, against German women. Such stories were generally false; the vast majority of colonial troops in Germany were in any case not from West Africa, but were Arabs from North Africa. This poster is from the Rehse-Archiv für Zeitgeschichte und Publizistik, a collection of posters, pamphlets, and all types of German propaganda material that was assembled in Munich by Friedrich J.M. Rehse (1870–1952). The collection was confiscated by U.S. military intelligence authorities in 1945–46, after Germany’s defeat in World War II, and transferred to the Library of Congress.

Date Created

Subject Date

Publication Information

Dinse & Eckert, Berlin


Title in Original Language

Protest der deutschen Frauen gegen die farbige Besatzung am Rhein

Type of Item

Physical Description

1 print (poster) : lithograph, color ; 95 x 71 centimeters


Last updated: February 10, 2014