Is Schleswig Danish? Schleswig is German!


This 1919 poster shows a map of the province of Schleswig and indicates the numbers of German and Danish speaking voters in 1912, the time of the last elections to the German Reichstag (parliament). Also shown are four views of the province: a farmhouse, a church in a town, a river or canal, and a coastal view. The text argues that the south of the province is “pure German,” and that the “majority of the population is German and feels German.” Schleswig had been an object of rivalry between Germany and Denmark for decades. In 1866, as a consequence of the Austro-Prussian War, the Duchy of Schleswig became a part of Prussia and was merged with Holstein to create the province of Schleswig-Holstein. Following Germany’s defeat in World War I, the Treaty of Versailles stipulated that the future of Schleswig was to be determined by a plebiscite. The vote was held in February 1920. Three-quarters of the population elected in favor of union with Denmark, and in July 1920 the province was incorporated into Denmark. This poster by Chr. Kreutzfeldt, published in Berlin, was part of the unsuccessful German campaign to retain the province.

Date Created

Subject Date

Publication Information

Hollerbaum & Schmidt, Berlin, Germany


Title in Original Language

Ist Schleswig dänisch? ... Schleswig ist deutsch!

Type of Item

Physical Description

1 print (poster) : lithograph, color ; 70 x 94 centimeters


Last updated: October 16, 2012