India Restores Her War Cripples to Self-Support


This 1919 poster, created for an exhibit of the Red Cross Institute for Crippled and Disabled Men and the Red Cross Institute for the Blind in India, features scenes of disabled Indian Army veterans of World War I, who had learned to support themselves by becoming automobile mechanics and carpenters. Queen Mary’s Technical School, shown here, was established in 1917 by Lady Marie Willingdon, the wife of governor of Bombay (present-day Mumbai) province, Lord Willingdon, to assist Indian soldiers wounded in the war. The Indian Army was a major contributor to the British war effort. In 1914–18, it recruited 826,868 combatants and 445,592 noncombatants for the Allied cause. Indian troops served in France, East Africa, Mesopotamia (present-day Iraq), Egypt, Greece, and Aden and the Persian Gulf. The Indian Army also sent labor corps to France and Mesopotamia. Indian Army casualties were officially estimated at 64,449 killed and 69,214 wounded. The army was recruited from throughout British India, a vast territory that included present-day India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Burma.

Last updated: October 16, 2012