Emblems of Liberty and Humanity. The Red Cross, Mother of All Nations


This poster, with text in Japanese and English, is one in a series issued by the American Red Cross during World War I featuring the flags of the countries allied or associated with the United States in the war. This poster shows two Red Cross nurses. One nurse, depicted as a Madonna figure, cradles in her arms a wounded soldier on a litter between the flags of Japan and the United States. The title reads: “Emblems of liberty and humanity. The Red Cross, mother of all nations.” Japan entered the war on the side of Britain and France on August 23, 1914, ostensibly to comply with its obligations under the Anglo-Japanese Treaty of 1911, but in practice for the purpose of seizing German possessions in Asia and the Pacific. As a consequence of its having entered the war, Japan was prominently represented as a great power at the Paris Peace Conference of 1919 that drafted the Charter of the League of Nations and the Treaty of Versailles.

Last updated: October 25, 2013