Olonetsk Province


This early-19th century playing card is from a set of 60 such cards, each devoted to a different province or territory of the Russian Empire, which at the time included the Grand Duchy of Finland, Congress Poland, and Russian America. One side of each card shows the local costume and the provincial coat of arms; the other side contains a map. This card depicts Olonetsk Province, located in the northwestern part of the empire. The province borders Finland across Lake Ladoga in the west, and also contains many other lakes. Petrozavodsk, situated on the western shore of Lake Onega, was the administrative center of the province. The name of the city, meaning “Peter's factory” in Russian, derives from the iron foundry built for manufacturing cannons and anchors for the Baltic Fleet during the rule of Peter the Great. The card indicates that the distance from Petrozavodsk to St. Petersburg was 359 versts, and from Petrozavodsk to Moscow, 1,135¼ versts. A verst is a Russian measurement of distance, no longer used, equal to 1.0668 kilometers.

Last updated: June 3, 2015