Yakutsk Region


This early-19th century playing card is from a set of 60 such cards, each devoted to a different province or territory of the Russian Empire, which at the time included the Grand Duchy of Finland, Congress Poland, and Russian America. One side of each card shows the local costume and the provincial coat of arms; the other side contains a map. This card depicts the Yakutsk region, located in the far east of the empire. The region is bordered by the “North Ocean or Arctic Sea” (present-day Arctic Ocean) to the north, the Sea of Okhotsk to the southwest, and the Chinese Empire to the south. Yakutsk, the administrative center of the region, is situated on the Lena River. Okhotsk, the district center, lies on the Sea of Okhotsk. Okhotsk was the first Russian settlement on the Pacific coast, established in the middle of the 17th century by Cossacks as a winter camp. The card indicates that the distance from Yakutsk to St. Petersburg was 8,593 versts, and from Yakutsk to Moscow, 8,077¼ versts. The distance from Okhotsk to St. Petersburg was 9,602 versts, and from Okhotsk to Moscow 9,086¼ versts. A verst is a Russian measurement of distance, no longer used, equal to 1.0668 kilometers.

Last updated: June 3, 2015