Caucasus Oblast


This early-19th century playing card is from a set of 60 such cards, each devoted to a different province or territory of the Russian Empire, which at the time included the Grand Duchy of Finland, Congress Poland, and Russian America. One side of each card shows the local costume and the provincial coat of arms; the other side contains a map. This card depicts the Caucasus Oblast, located in the southwestern part of the empire and bordered by the Azov, Black, and Caspian seas. The map marks the “Land of the Black Sea Cossack Host,” the winter encampment of the Kalmyks, and the “Land of the Mountain Peoples.” Stavropol was the administrative center of the province. The card indicates that the distance from Stavropol to St. Petersburg was 2,087 versts, and from Stavropol to Moscow, 1,367¼ versts. A verst is a Russian measurement of distance, no longer used, equal to 1.0668 kilometers.

Last updated: September 22, 2015