General Map of Courland Province: Showing Postal and Major Roads, Stations and the Distance in Versts between Them
This 1820 map of Courland Province is from a larger work, Geograficheskii atlas Rossiiskoi imperii, tsarstva Pol'skogo i velikogo kniazhestva Finliandskogo (Geographical atlas of the Russian Empire, the Kingdom of Poland, and the Grand Duchy of Finland), containing 60 maps of the Russian Empire. Compiled and engraved by Colonel V.P. Piadyshev, it reflects the detailed mapping carried out by Russian military cartographers in the first quarter of the 19th century. The map shows population centers (four gradations by size), inns, postal stations, roads (two types), state, provincial and district borders, and customs houses. Distances are shown in versts, a Russian measure, now no longer used, equal to 1.07 kilometers. Legends, the index of regional names, and place-names are in Russian and German. The territory depicted on the map roughly corresponds to the southern portion of present-day Latvia. In the 13th century, this province was part of a larger region ruled by the Livonian Brothers of the Sword, a militarized Catholic order at the time of the Northern Crusades. This area subsequently became a vassal state of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, beginning in the mid-16th century. Ruled intermittently after 1737 by the Russian ally and Duke of Courland, Ernst Johann Biron, Courland Province was officially absorbed into the Russian Empire after the Third Partition of Poland in 1795.
Military Topographical Depot, Saint Petersburg
Title in Original Language
Генеральная Карта Курляндской Губернiи Съ показанiемъ почтовыхъ и большихъ проѣзжихъ дорогъ, станцiй и разстоянiя между оными верстъ.
Type of Item
1 hand colored engraved map ; 40 x 38 centimeters
- Scale 1:1,050,000
Last updated: October 30, 2015