Monument of Alexander II, Helsingfors, Russia, i.e., Helsinki, Finland


This photochrome print of the statue of Alexander II in Senate Square in Helsinki is part of “Views of Architecture and Other Sites Primarily in Poland, Russia, and the Ukraine” from the catalog of the Detroit Publishing Company (1905). Alexander II (1818–81) was the tsar of the Russian Empire from 1855 to 1881. Finland became a grand duchy within the Russian Empire in 1809 and achieved independence from Russia only in 1917. This statue, which was designed by the Finnish sculptor Walter Runeberg (1838–1920) and completed in 1894, commemorates Alexander’s reestablishment of the Finnish legislative body, the Diet of Finland, in 1863. It also honors reforms that allowed Finland additional autonomy within the empire. Buildings in the photograph are the Helsinki Cathedral and the Palace of the Council of State. Within the Russian Empire, Helsinki generally was known by its Swedish name of Helsingfors.

Subject Date

Publication Information

Detroit Publishing Company, Detroit, Michigan

Type of Item

Physical Description

1 photomechanical print : photochrom, color


  • The Detroit Photographic Company was launched as a photographic publishing firm in the late 1890s by Detroit businessman and publisher William A. Livingstone, Jr., and photographer and photo-publisher Edwin H. Husher. They obtained exclusive rights to use the Swiss "Photochrom" process for converting black-and-white photographs into color images and printing them by photolithography. This innovative process was applied to the mass production of color postcards, prints, and albums for sale to the American market. The firm became the Detroit Publishing Company in 1905.

Last updated: December 12, 2013