This 1890 map, published by the New York firm of Charles Scribner’s Sons, shows Italy as it appeared in the decades after its unification. In 1859-60, most of Italy was united in a new Kingdom of Italy under King Victor Emmanuel II, previously ruler of the Kingdom of Sardinia. The northeastern region of Venetia, part of the Austrian Empire, was annexed by the new kingdom in 1866. Rome (except for Vatican City) was annexed in 1870. The note at upper right lists the States of the Church that were dissolved in 1860 to help form the new kingdom. The map is a reprint of a work by John Bartholomew & Son, a famous cartographic publisher founded in Edinburgh, Scotland, in 1826 by John Bartholomew, Sr. (1805-61). His son, John Bartholomew, Jr. (1831-93), worked with his father and as an assistant to the German geographer August Petermann before taking over the firm in 1856. He was succeeded by his own son, John George Bartholomew (1860-1920). Under these successive generations, the company established a reputation for the finest cartographic work in Britain.

Date Created

Subject Date

Publication Information

Charles Scribner's Sons, New York



Type of Item

Physical Description

1 color map ; 41 x 54 centimeters


  • Scale approximately 1:420,000

Last updated: May 24, 2017