Iowa-Florida Act


In December 1838, delegates from the Territory of Florida met in the town of Saint Joseph to adopt a constitution, a necessary step toward becoming a state. It was not until March 3, 1845, however, that both houses of the United States Congress approved “An Act For The Admission of the States of Iowa and Florida Into The Union.” Florida was to be admitted to the union as a slave state and Iowa as a free state, thereby preserving the delicate political balance within the U.S. Senate between free and slave states. With passage of the act, Florida immediately became the 27th state of the union. A note at the end of this document states: "March 5th, 1845. A true copy from the roll in this department."

Last updated: October 17, 2011