Antiquities of Samarkand. Tomb of the Saint Kusam-ibn-Abbas (Shah-i Zindah) and Adjacent Mausoleums. Mausoleum of Sha Arap. Sections of Detail on the Facade
This sketch of a decorative fragment on the facade of an unidentified mausoleum in the northern cluster of shrines at the Shah-i Zindah necropolis (Samarkand, Uzbekistan) is from the archeological part of Turkestan Album. The six-volume photographic survey was produced in 1871-72, under the patronage of General Konstantin P. von Kaufman, the first governor-general (1867-82) of Turkestan, as the Russian Empire's Central Asian territories were called. The album devotes special attention to Samarkand’s Islamic architecture, such as 14th- and 15th-century monuments from the reign of Timur (Tamerlane) and his successors. Of particular note is Shah-i Zindah (Persian for “living king”), built on the elevated site of an ancient settlement known as Afrosiab and revered as a memorial to Kusam-ibn-Abbas, a cousin of the Prophet Muhammad. Although the patron of this mausoleum has not been conclusively identified, its date of construction is known to be 1360-61. Despite major damage, much of the mausoleum’s profuse ceramic ornamentation survived. The main colors of the facade are turquoise and dark blue with white trim. This view shows a segment of a carved, glazed terra-cotta band on the left side of the facade. The pattern is composed of intersecting straps that form eight-pointed stars, within which are intricate foliate and tendril motifs with a flower (or star) in the center.
Saint Petersburg, Russia
Title in Original Language
Самаркандския древности. Гробница святаго Куссама ибни Абасса (Шах-Зиндэ) и мавзолеи при ней. Мавзолей Ша-Арап. Части отделки фасада
Type of Item
1 drawing : watercolor
- Illustration in: Turkestan Album, Archaeological Part, 1871-1872, part 1, volume 1, plate 55.
Last updated: September 30, 2016