Antiquities of Samarkand. Kurgan in the Vicinity of Samarkand. Location of Pai Fasad. View of the Kurgan from Its Summit


This photograph of the remains of an earthen mound at Pai Fasad, near Samarkand (Uzbekistan), is from the archeological part of Turkestan Album. The six-volume photographic survey was produced in 1871-72 under the patronage of General Konstantin P. von Kaufman, the first governor-general (1867-82) of Turkestan, as the Russian Empire’s Central Asian territories were called. The album devotes special attention to Samarkand’s architectural heritage. The mound shown here is possibly a remnant of one of the fortresses built by Sogdian kings before the Arab conquest at the turn of the 8th century. Such fortifications not only defended the approaches to Samarkand, or Maracanda, as it was then called, they also provided protection for the Silk Road caravans from China.

Date Created

Subject Date

Publication Information

Saint Petersburg, Russia

Title in Original Language

Самаркандския древности. Курганы в окрестностях города. Местность пай фасад. Вид Кургана с его вершины

Type of Item

Physical Description

1 photographic print : albumen


  • Illustration in: Turkestan Album, Archaeological Part, 1871-1872, part 1, volume 2, plate 154.

Last updated: September 30, 2016