The Sigüenza Map
This map is a cartographic history of the migration of the Aztec from Aztlán to Tenochtitlan. Created in the pictographic style typical of the central Mexican and Puebla valleys during the Post-Classical period, it is the only map of its kind known to exist. It is thought to date from the 16th century. The map shows the path of the migration, along with the story of the places passed and of the migration itself. Alongside the glyph for each location are symbols representing the amount of time spent in each location. A trail of footprints connects these locations. The original migration of the Aztec from the mythical Aztlán to Tenochtitlan marks the historical and symbolic evolution of the Aztec people: their blessing by the gods, founding events in their history, their heroes and leaders, and finally, their settlement on the island of Tenochtitlan, from where they eventually dominated their world. The community that produced the map has not been identified with certainty, but scholars believe it most likely was Chapultepec. The document has been in the possession of historians in Mexico since the 17th century, and is named after Carlos de Sigüenza y Góngora (1645-1700), a Mexican scholar and government official who was an early student of Aztec history.
Title in Original Language
El Mapa de Sigüenza
Type of Item
A single sheet of amatl paper; 54.5 x 77.5 centimeters
Last updated: September 29, 2014