A Map of the Great Forest Region, Showing the Routes of the Emin Pasha Relief Expedition, from the River Congo to the Victoria Nyanza


After his successful search for David Livingstone in 1871-72, the journalist Henry M. Stanley went on to become a celebrated African explorer in his own right. He led two further expeditions, an Anglo-American expedition in 1874-77, in which he explored the lakes of central Africa, and a relief expedition in 1887-90, ostensibly to rescue Emin Pasha (1840-92). Emin, a German explorer whose original name was Eduard Schnitzler, was the governor of Equatoria, the southernmost district of the Sudan, then ruled by Egypt. He was cut off from the outside world by a Mahdist uprising in 1885. Amid a public outcry in Europe, Stanley set out to find him and in 1889 managed to bring him out of the Sudan. This map traces Stanley’s route, which took him up the Congo River, overland to Sudan, and then to the Indian Ocean port of Zanzibar. Although Livingstone and Stanley have been joined together by history, they were very different people. Livingstone was venerated in Britain and by many in Africa for his anti-slavery efforts and his concern for the people of Africa, while Stanley became a controversial figure, widely criticized for his violent methods and well-documented mistreatment of indigenous peoples.

Last updated: September 29, 2014