Mugan. Settlement of Petropavlovskoe. A Street (Seventy-Seven Households)


Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii (1863–1944) was a pioneer in the development of color photography. In the early 1900s, he formulated an ambitious plan to carry out a photographic survey of the Russian Empire. After gaining the support of Tsar Nicholas II, between 1909 and 1915 he completed surveys of 11 regions, traveling in a specially equipped railroad car provided by the Ministry of Transportation. This photograph shows Petropavlovskoe, the first Russian settlement in the Mugan region (in present-day Azerbaijan), which was founded in 1887 at the confluence of the Kura and Araks rivers. During its early years, the settlement was nearly destroyed by flooding from the Araks. Life was very difficult for the early settlers, who were not accustomed to the hot climate of the steppe and fell prey to many diseases.

Date Created

Subject Date

Title in Original Language

Мугань. Пос. Петропавловское Улица (77 дворов)

Additional Subjects

Type of Item

Physical Description

Glass negative (presented as a digital color composite)


  • Prokudin-Gorskii’s photographic work survives primarily in two forms: 1,901 black-and-white triple-frame glass plate negatives, made with color separation filters, which Prokudin-Gorskii used to make color prints and lantern slides; and 12 albums of sepia-tone prints, made from the glass negatives, which Prokudin-Gorskii compiled as a record of his travels and studies. The Library of Congress purchased the glass plate negatives and the albums from the Prokudin-Gorskii family in 1948. In 2004, the Library of Congress had digital color composites made from all the surviving glass negatives using a software algorithm to automatically align the color components. As with most historical photographs, title and subject identifications are corrected and enhanced through new research. Current information on the collection is at

Last updated: November 7, 2017