Comments on the Summary of "al-Miftāh"


This early 19th-century work by Qara Hafiz Efendi on Arabic rhetoric is a commentary on Talkhīṣ al-Miftāḥ (The summary of al-Miftāḥ) by Jalal al-Din Muhammad al-Qazwini (1267 or 1268‒1338), better known as al-Khatib al-Qazwini (the Preacher al-Qazwini). Talkhīṣ al-Miftāḥ was itself a commentary on Miftāḥ al-ʻulūm (The key to knowledge), by Yusuf ibn Abi Bakr al-Sakkaki (born 1160). Al-Qazwini was a student of al-Sakkaki, and both men were important scholars of Arabic rhetoric. Efendi’s work also contains excerpts from another work, a dictionary of language usage, figurative speech, and simile by Ayyub Ibn Musa al-Kaffawi. The manuscript is from the Bašagić Collection of Islamic Manuscripts in the University Library of Bratislava, Slovakia, which was inscribed on the UNESCO Memory of the World register in 1997. Safvet beg Bašagić (1870-1934) was a Bosnian scholar, poet, journalist, and museum director who assembled a collection of 284 manuscript volumes and 365 print volumes that reflect the development of Islamic civilization from its inception to the early 20th century. The manuscript is item 365 in Jozef Blaškovič, Arabské, turecké a perzské rukopisy Univerzitnej knižnice v Bratislave (Arab, Turkish, and Persian manuscripts in the University Library, Bratislava).

Subject Date


Title in Original Language

تعليقات على تلخيص المفتاح

Type of Item

Physical Description

53 folios ; 22 x 16 centimeters ; black and red ink ; semileather hardcover

Last updated: May 27, 2016