Girl Shepherdess with Sheep, Bulgaria


This photograph of a young shepherd girl in Bulgaria is from the Frank and Frances Carpenter Collection at the Library of Congress. Frank G. Carpenter (1855–1924) was an American writer of books on travel and world geography, whose works helped to popularize cultural anthropology and geography in the United States in the early years of the 20th century. Consisting of photographs taken and gathered by Carpenter and his daughter Frances (1890–1972) to illustrate his writings, the collection includes an estimated 16,800 photographs and 7,000 glass and film negatives. Carpenter’s New Geographical Reader: Europe (1924) informed readers that “Bulgaria is a land of small farms, and nearly all the farmers own the soil they till. They live in villages and go out to their work in the fields. Almost every village owns some pasture land and woodland which belongs to the people in common, and everyone in the town has the right to pasture his stock and get his fuel from these lands without charge.”

Last updated: February 12, 2016