Imperial Military Middle School, Monastir


This photograph from the Abdul-Hamid Collection in the Library of Congress shows the Imperial Military Middle School in Bitola, Macedonia, a city known in the Ottoman Empire as Monastir. Sultan Abdul-Hamid II (1842-1918) ruled the empire from 1876 to 1909. The Abdul-Hamid Collection consists of 1,819 photographs in 51 large-format albums dating from about 1880 to 1893. An avid collector and promoter of photography, the sultan appears to have conceived the work as a portrait of his empire for a Western audience, intended to highlight the empire's modernization. Well-known Ottoman commercial photographers such as Abdullah Frères, Sébah & Joaillier, and Phébus took the bulk of the photographs. Turkish military photographer Ali Riza Pasa and the Photographic Unit of the Imperial School of Engineering also contributed numerous images. Abdul-Hamid presented a copy of the survey to the Library of Congress in 1893 or 1894. He gave another, almost identical, copy to the British Museum (now in the British Library).

Date Created

Subject Date

Title in Original Language

École préparatoire militaire à Monastir

Additional Subjects

Type of Item

Physical Description

1 photographic print : albumen

Last updated: April 18, 2012