Chronology of Zhu Xi


Zhu Xi (1130‒1200) was a Song Confucian scholar who became the leading figure of the School of Principle and the most influential Neo-Confucian in China. Among his contributions were his annotations to the Analects of Confucius, the Mencius, the Great Learning, and the Doctrine of the Mean. He is also known for his emphasis on the investigation of things, the synthesis of all fundamental Confucian concepts, and promotion of daily meditation. A native of Fujian, Zhu Xi passed the imperial examination in 1148 and assumed various official posts, including prefect of the Nankang Military District, where he revived the White Deer Grotto Academy. He was demoted several times for his attacks against the incompetence and corruption of certain influential officials, but he was rehabilitated later and bestowed posthumous titles, such as Hui guo gong (Duke of Hui). A memorial tablet was placed for him in the Confucian Temple. He was also called Zhuzi (Master Zhu). This two-volume work, printed in 1578, has two juan and two supplemental juan, compiled by Li Mo (died 1556), also a native of Fujian Province. After receiving his jin shi degree in 1521, Li Mo became a director at the ministries of Revenue and Personnel. He eventually became the minister of the Ministry of Personnel. He died in prison during the Jiajing reign (1522‒66) as a consequence of his conflicts with Yan Song, the corrupt Ming prime minister, but he was later rehabilitated and posthumously given the title of Wenmin by Emperor Wanli (reigned 1573‒1620). His works were included in the catalog Si ku quan shu cun mu (Catalog of books not included in the general catalog). The work has a preface by Wei Leweng (1178‒1237), a Zhu Xi follower of the Southern Song, and a postscript, dated 1578, by Zhang Zhenzhi, a Jiajing official, which describes the compilation of this chronology.

Last updated: January 10, 2018