Syr Darya Oblast. City of Turkestan. General View of Sultan Akhmed Yassavi's Mausoleum from the Southern Side.


This photograph of the mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi in the city of Turkestan (formerly Yasi, ancient capital of the Kazakhs) is contained in Turkestan Album, one of the richest sources of visual information on the cultural monuments of Central Asia as they appeared in the 19th century. The multi-volume edition was produced in 1871-72 under the patronage of Konstantin P. von Kaufman, a Russian army general and the first governor-general of Turkestan, as the Russian empire's Central Asian holdings were called. Kaufman held that position from 1867 to 1886, during which time he played a major role in establishing Russia's dominant position in Central Asia. The primary photographic compilers for the Turkestan Album were Aleksandr L. Kun (1840-88), an orientalist attached to the army, and Nikolai V. Bogaevskii (1843-1912), a military engineer. Khoja Ahmed (1103-66) was a renowned Sufi spiritual leader and poet who taught in the city of Yasi. In 1389 the great Tamerlane commissioned Persian masters to build a vast mausoleum over the saint's burial site. Although uncompleted at the time of the ruler's death in 1405, work resumed in the late 16th century, and the domed structure has survived as one of the best examples of Timurid architecture. In 2002 the mausoleum was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Date Created

Subject Date

Publication Information

Saint Petersburg, Russia

Title in Original Language

Сыръ-дарьинская область. Г. Туркестанъ. Общий видъ мавзолея Султана Ахмеда Ясави с южн. стороны

Type of Item

Physical Description

1 photographic print : albumen

Last updated: May 17, 2013