Busload of Immigrants, Buenos Aires, Argentina


This photograph of immigrants in Buenos Aires, Argentina is from the Frank and Frances Carpenter Collection at the Library of Congress. Frank G. Carpenter (1855–1924) was an American writer of books on travel and world geography, whose works helped to popularize cultural anthropology and geography in the United States in the early years of the 20th century. Consisting of photographs taken and gathered by Carpenter and his daughter Frances (1890–1972) to illustrate his writings, the collection includes an estimated 16,800 photographs and 7,000 glass and film negatives. Carpenter’s South America, Social, Industrial, and Political (1900) stated: “The real work of Argentina is done by the Italians and the Spaniards, furnished by the stream of immigrants which is always flowing to the lower part of eastern South America. Within the past twenty-four years about 2,000,000 emigrants have been imported from southern Europe, and today out of the 4,000,000 people in the Argentine Republic it is estimated that more than one in every four is a foreigner.”

Last updated: February 12, 2016