Zoogeographical Educational Map of the USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics)


This map provides an informational and pictorial representation of fauna across the Soviet Union, with common species highlighted for various geographical regions. It was compiled by V.V. Ermakov and drawn by N.M. Buchunov. Explanatory text was provided by M.M. Beliaev. The map is in two sections. The first includes a table that provides numeric references by region for all listed species shown on the map. A total of 236 species is listed. The map also shows pictorial images of wildlife from European Russia (west of the Ural Mountains), including seals and beluga whales from the White Sea and Arctic regions; bear and moose from the forests north of Moscow; eagles, pheasants, and ducks from the Lower Volga River; and sturgeon and other fish from the Caspian Sea. This section of the map contains several insets, which show animals and birds both useful and injurious to agriculture; the seasonal arrival to Moscow of select migratory birds (by month and day averaged over ten years); and the amount and value of key fur exports. Two further graphs show both the growth of fur exports (in millions of rubles) and the percentage volume imported by country in the 1920s. It also has two pictorial insets for wildlife from the Caucasus region, in the high mountain ranges and in the forests. The second part of the map features pictorial images of many well-known species from different parts of Siberia and the Russian Far East, including Siberian tigers from the Maritime Region around Vladivostok and Khabarovsk; gray whales from the seas around Sakhalin Island; rams, sea otters, and salmon from Kamchatka; and walrus from the Bering Strait region. This section of the map contains two insets, which show hunting regions and a range of wildlife across the USSR. It also has two pictorial insets for wildlife from Kamchatka and Sakhalin Island. The scale of the map is 50 kilometers to the centimeter.

Date Created

Subject Date


Title in Original Language

Зоогеорафическая учебная карта СССР

Type of Item

Physical Description

1 map on 2 pages : color ; 116 x 100 centimeters


  • Map scale approximately 1:5,000,000

Last updated: December 11, 2017