Map of Taiwan and the Pescadores Islands


This map is a panoramic view of the island of Taiwan and the Pescadores Islands, with relief shown pictorially as if viewed from east to west so that the mountain peaks shown converge from opposite directions along the north–south axial line. The map is oriented with north to the right. The coastline of Taiwan is remarkably accurate. The map shows two prefect cities, Taiwan and Taipei, and 12 county seats with text describing distances between important settlements, the general geography of the islands, and proposed measures for effective defense. The map was designed and drawn by Li Liankun, a prefect of Fujian Province, as a memorandum for administrative referral to the governor of the province. Taipei, as a prefecture city, and four counties that were established in the first year of the rule of Emperor Guangxu (1875) appear, but Pulishe subprefecture does not appear, suggesting that the map probably was drawn after the eighth year of Guangxu’s rule (1882). The map was purchased by Arthur William Hummel (1884–1975), an American missionary to China and sinologist, who from 1928 to 1954 was the first head of the Oriental Division (predecessor to the Asian Division) at the Library of Congress.

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Physical Description

Color map, 63 x 108 centimeters


  • Relief shown pictorially.
  • Oriented with north to the right.
  • Scale 1:500,000.

Last updated: March 8, 2016