Steamer S. Salvador, São Francisco River


The Thereza Christina Maria collection is composed of 21,742 photos assembled by Emperor Pedro II (1825-91) throughout his life and donated by him to the National Library of Brazil. The collection covers a wide variety of subjects. It documents the achievements of Brazil and Brazilians in the 19th century and also includes many photographs of Europe, Africa, and North America. In 1868, photographer Augusto Riedel accompanied Luis Augusto, Duke of Saxe, son-in-law of Emperor Pedro II, on an expedition into the interior of Brazil. The expedition probably traveled by steamer along the São Francisco River, which forms the border between the states of Bahia and Alagoas. Transport on the river was generally provided by gaiolas, the low-lying paddle-wheel steamers shown in this photograph. The use of gaiolas was discontinued after the river was dammed to form the Lake Sobradinho in the 1960s.

Last updated: May 24, 2017