St. Augustine: Part (Below Thirty Degrees Latitude) is on the Mainland of Florida, but the Sea Coast is More Low-Lying and thus Torn Away and Rendered Island-Like


This map is the earliest engraving of any city or territory now part of the United States. It also includes the dorado fish, one of the natural history subjects drawn by John White, governor of the first Anglo-American settlement in America, in the Hatteras region, then part of Virginia (now North Carolina). Sir Francis Drake’s 1585-86 raid on the West Indies picked up the Virginia settlers and returned them to Europe. In the course of the return voyage, the author of this view-plan was able to copy the figure of the fish from an original drawing by White. The engraving shows Drake’s fleet at anchor off the mouth of the Matanzas River, a body of troops landing on Anastasia Island and bombarding Fort San Juan de Pinos across the river, and another body of troops landing at the residential part of the settlement south of the fort. The text to the left tells us that the homes were built of wood and were situated among pleasant gardens, that the garrison consisted of 150 men, with as many more at Fort St. Helen (Jacksonville) to the north, and that these garrisons were placed there not because the Spaniards wanted the territory but so that they could keep out the English and French.

Last updated: October 19, 2015