Futurism and Philosophy
Le Futurisme et la Philosophie / Il Futurismo e la Filosofia (Futurism and philosophy) was first published in the magazine La Belgique artistique et littéraire (Artistic and literary Belgium) in this bilingual version in July 1912. Written by Belgian critic Auguste Joly, the article explored Futurism in relation to the ideas of the famous French philosopher Henri Bergson (1859‒1941). It is from a collection of Futurist documents held by the University Library of Padua. Futurism was a short-lived artistic movement, founded in 1909 by the Italian writer Filippo Tommaso Marinetti (1876‒1944). The goal of the Futurists was to discard the art of the past and to usher in a new age that rejected tradition and celebrated change, originality, and innovation in culture and society. The original Futurist manifesto of 1909, written by Marinetti, exalted the beauty of the machine and the new technology of the automobile, with its speed, power, and movement. The Futurists glorified violence and conflict and called for the destruction of cultural institutions such as museums and libraries. Marinetti also founded and edited a journal, Poesia (Poetry). Marinetti’s original manifesto was followed by Futurist manifestoes on sculpture, painting, literature, architecture, and other fields written by other members of the movement. Prominent Futurists included painter and sculptor Umberto Boccioni (1882‒1916); painters Carlo Carrà (1881‒1966), Giacomo Balla (1871‒1958), and Gino Severini (1883‒1966); painter and composer Luigi Russolo (1885‒1947); and architect Antonio Sant’Elia (1888‒1916). Several of the Futurists, notably Boccioni and Sant’Elia, were killed during World War I.
Governing Group of the Futurist Movement, Milan, Italy
Title in Original Language
Le Futurisme et la Philosophie / Il Futurismo e la Filosofia
Type of Item
- Elza Adamowicz and Simona Storchi, editors, Back to the Futurists: The avant-garde and its legacy (Manchester, U.K.: Manchester University Press, 2013).
- John James White, “Futurism,” in Encyclopaedia Britannica. https://www.britannica.com/art/Futurism#ref1052836.
- “Words in Freedom: Futurism at 100.” An exhibition held at the Museum of Modern Art, New York, in 2009. https://www.moma.org/interactives/exhibitions/2009/futurism/.
Last updated: June 29, 2017