Technical Manifesto of Futurist Sculpture
The painter Umberto Boccioni produced only a small number of sculptures but in this manifesto, published on April 11, 1912, and in other key texts, he set the direction of Futurist sculpture and visual arts in general. It is from a collection of Futurist documents held by the University Library of Padua. Futurism was a short-lived artistic movement, founded in 1909 by the Italian writer Filippo Tommaso Marinetti (1876‒1944). The goal of the Futurists was to discard the art of the past and to usher in a new age that rejected tradition and celebrated change, originality, and innovation in culture and society. The original Futurist manifesto of 1909, written by Marinetti, exalted the beauty of the machine and the new technology of the automobile, with its speed, power, and movement. The Futurists glorified violence and conflict and called for the destruction of cultural institutions such as museums and libraries. Marinetti also founded and edited a journal, Poesia (Poetry). Marinetti’s original manifesto was followed by Futurist manifestoes on sculpture, painting, literature, architecture, and other fields written by other members of the movement. Prominent Futurists included painter and sculptor Umberto Boccioni (1882‒1916); painters Carlo Carrà (1881‒1966), Giacomo Balla (1871‒1958), and Gino Severini (1883‒1966); painter and composer Luigi Russolo (1885‒1947); and architect Antonio Sant’Elia (1888‒1916). Several of the Futurists, notably Boccioni and Sant’Elia, were killed during World War I.
Governing Group of the Futurist Movement, Milan, Italy
Title in Original Language
Manifesto tecnico della scultura futurista
Type of Item
- “Umberto Boccioni: Biography of Italian Futurist Sculptor and Painter,” in Encyclopedia of Sculpture. http://www.visual-arts-cork.com/sculpture/umberto-boccioni.htm.
- “Umberto Boccioni: Italian Painter, Sculptor, and Theoretician,” in The Art Story: Modern Art Insight (The Art Story Foundation, 2017). http://www.theartstory.org/artist-boccioni-umberto.htm.
Last updated: June 29, 2017