Negroes' Congado at Old Mountain


The Thereza Christina Maria collection is composed of 21,742 photos assembled by Emperor Pedro II (1825-91) throughout his life and donated by him to the National Library of Brazil. The collection covers a wide variety of subjects. It documents the achievements of Brazil and Brazilians in the 19th century and also includes many photographs of Europe, Africa, and North America. In 1868, photographer Augusto Riedel accompanied Luis Augusto, Duke of Saxe, son-in-law of Emperor Pedro II, on an expedition into the interior of Brazil. During a visit to the Minas Gerais town of Morro Velho, the group witnessed a Congado, an Afro-Brazilian festival performance that mixes Catholic and native African religious traditions. The celebration features the crowning of the “King of the Congo” and also pays homage to Our Lady of the Rosary.

Last updated: May 24, 2017