Manifesto of the Futurist Woman. An Answer to F.T. Marinetti
French dancer, writer, and painter Anne-Jeanne-Valentine-Marianne Desglans de Cessiat-Vercell (better known under the pseudonym Valentine de Saint-Point, 1875‒1953) was part of the Futurist Movement from the beginning. In this manifesto, she explained her radical vision of femininity. She left social themes in the background to focus on complete sexual freedom. The text is from a collection of Futurist documents held by the University Library of Padua. Futurism was a short-lived artistic movement, founded in 1909 by the Italian writer Filippo Tommaso Marinetti (1876‒1944). The goal of the Futurists was to discard the art of the past and to usher in a new age that rejected tradition and celebrated change, originality, and innovation in culture and society. The original Futurist manifesto of 1909, written by Marinetti, exalted the beauty of the machine and the new technology of the automobile, with its speed, power, and movement. The Futurists glorified violence and conflict and called for the destruction of cultural institutions such as museums and libraries. Marinetti also founded and edited a journal, Poesia (Poetry). Marinetti’s original manifesto was followed by Futurist manifestoes on sculpture, painting, literature, architecture, and other fields written by other members of the movement. Prominent Futurists included painter and sculptor Umberto Boccioni (1882‒1916); painters Carlo Carrà (1881‒1966), Giacomo Balla (1871‒1958), and Gino Severini (1883‒1966); painter and composer Luigi Russolo (1885‒1947); and architect Antonio Sant’Elia (1888‒1916). Several of the Futurists, notably Boccioni and Sant’Elia, were killed during World War I.
Governing Group of the Futurist Movement, Milan, Italy
Title in Original Language
Manifesto della Donna futurista. Risposta a F. T. Marinetti
Type of Item
- Elza Adamowicz and Simona Storchi, editors, Back to the Futurists: The avant-garde and its legacy (Manchester, U.K.: Manchester University Press, 2013).
- Adrien Sina and Sarah Wilson, “Action féminine: Valentine de Saint-Point,” Tate Etc., number 16 (London, U.K.: The Tate Galleries, summer 2009). http://www.tate.org.uk/context-comment/articles/action-feminine.
- “Words in Freedom: Futurism at 100.” An exhibition held at the Museum of Modern Art, New York, in 2009. https://www.moma.org/interactives/exhibitions/2009/futurism/.
Last updated: June 29, 2017