Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, Whose Assassination at Sarajevo, Bosnia, June 28, 1914, Set in Motion Forces that Resulted in the Declaration of War by Austria against Serbia


Archduke Franz Ferdinand (1863‒1914) was heir-apparent to Franz Joseph I, Emperor of Austria-Hungary, when he visited Sarajevo in the province of Bosnia and Herzegovina in his capacity as inspector general of the army. Austria-Hungary had administered Bosnia and Herzegovina since 1878, but Serbian nationalists were outraged by the province’s formal annexation to Austria in 1908. The Serbian terrorist group known as the Black Hand was determined to assassinate Franz Ferdinand, which they succeeded in doing on their second attempt on June 28, 1914. The assassination gave Austria-Hungary reason to act against Serbia with a harsh ultimatum. Russia backed Serbia and Germany backed Austria in the escalating confrontation, setting off a chain reaction that eventually drew the all major powers of Europe into what became World War I. This photograph is from the War of the Nations, a compilation of 1,398 rotogravure images with brief descriptive captions relating to World War I and its immediate aftermath. The book was published by the New York Times Company and includes images that appeared in the Mid-Week Pictorial, a weekly magazine of news photographs published by the New York Times Company between 1914 and 1937. The photographs depict the main military and civilian leaders from the countries involved in the war, battle scenes, major weapons systems, ruins and destruction wrought by the fighting, the return of troops after the war and victory celebrations in various countries, and scenes from the Paris Peace Conference. In addition to the Western front in France and Belgium, the pictures cover the other theaters of the war, including the Eastern, Italian, and Balkans fronts, the Dardanelles and Gallipoli campaign, and the campaign in Mesopotamia and Palestine. Postwar developments covered include the revolutions in Germany and Russia and the intervention by Allied and American troops in Siberia. The book has a table of contents; 32 maps, including pictorial maps that illustrate fronts and campaigns; and a three-page appendix that provides a chronology of 1914‒19, statistics (including mobilized strength and the numbers of dead, wounded, and missing from all the belligerents), key wartime events, and the main provisions of the Treaty of Versailles that formally ended the war.

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Subject Date

Publication Information

New York Times Company, New York


Title in Original Language

Archduke Franz Ferdinand Of Austria, Whose Assassination At Serajevo, Bosnia, June 28, 1914, Set In Motion Forces That Resulted In The Declaration Of War By Austria Against Serbia

Type of Item

Physical Description

1 print : black and white ; 34-42 centimeters

Last updated: November 14, 2017