Raymond Poincaré, President of the French Republic, Who Has Been a Pillar of Strength to the Allied Cause During the War


Raymond Poincaré (1860‒1934) served France as prime minister for a year, became president in January 1913, and again became prime minister in 1922. He had been insistent that the Treaty of Versailles make Germany pay heavy reparations and take responsibility for starting World War I. Germany failed to make its payment in January 1923, and on January 11, 1923, Poincaré ordered French troops to occupy the Ruhr Valley, the industrial heartland of Germany. German workers resisted the French occupation, with dire results for the German economy and currency. The cost of the occupation also weighed heavily on the French economy, and in 1924 Poincaré’s party was defeated in the general election and he resigned as prime minister as a result. This photograph is from the War of the Nations, a compilation of 1,398 rotogravure images with brief descriptive captions relating to World War I and its immediate aftermath. The book was published by the New York Times Company and includes images that appeared in the Mid-Week Pictorial, a weekly magazine of news photographs published by the New York Times Company between 1914 and 1937. The photographs depict the main military and civilian leaders from the countries involved in the war, battle scenes, major weapons systems, ruins and destruction wrought by the fighting, the return of troops after the war and victory celebrations in various countries, and scenes from the Paris Peace Conference. In addition to the Western front in France and Belgium, the pictures cover the other theaters of the war, including the Eastern, Italian, and Balkans fronts, the Dardanelles and Gallipoli campaign, and the campaign in Mesopotamia and Palestine. Postwar developments covered include the revolutions in Germany and Russia and the intervention by Allied and American troops in Siberia. The book has a table of contents; 32 maps, including pictorial maps that illustrate fronts and campaigns; and a three-page appendix that provides a chronology of 1914‒19, statistics (including mobilized strength and the numbers of dead, wounded, and missing from all the belligerents), key wartime events, and the main provisions of the Treaty of Versailles that formally ended the war. .

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Subject Date

Publication Information

New York Times Company, New York


Title in Original Language

Raymond Poincare, President of the French Republic, who has been a pillar of strength to the allied cause during the war


Type of Item

Physical Description

1 print : black and white ; 34-42 centimeters

Last updated: November 14, 2017