Arthur James Balfour, British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs in the Lloyd George Cabinet
Arthur James Balfour (1848‒1930), intellectual statesman and politician, was British prime minister July 1902‒December 1905. As foreign secretary (1916‒19), he was a key figure in Britain’s changing role in the Middle East as the Ottoman Empire disintegrated. On November 2, 1917, Balfour sent a letter to Lord Rothschild that became known as the Balfour Declaration, which stated that the British government favored “the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people.” This photograph is from the War of the Nations, a compilation of 1,398 rotogravure images with brief descriptive captions relating to World War I and its immediate aftermath. The book was published by the New York Times Company and includes images that appeared in the Mid-Week Pictorial, a weekly magazine of news photographs published by the New York Times Company between 1914 and 1937. The photographs depict the main military and civilian leaders from the countries involved in the war, battle scenes, major weapons systems, ruins and destruction wrought by the fighting, the return of troops after the war and victory celebrations in various countries, and scenes from the Paris Peace Conference. In addition to the Western front in France and Belgium, the pictures cover the other theaters of the war, including the Eastern, Italian, and Balkans fronts, the Dardanelles and Gallipoli campaign, and the campaign in Mesopotamia and Palestine. Postwar developments covered include the revolutions in Germany and Russia and the intervention by Allied and American troops in Siberia. The book has a table of contents; 32 maps, including pictorial maps that illustrate fronts and campaigns; and a three-page appendix that provides a chronology of 1914‒19, statistics (including mobilized strength and the numbers of dead, wounded, and missing from all the belligerents), key wartime events, and the main provisions of the Treaty of Versailles that formally ended the war.
New York Times Company, New York
Type of Item
1 print : black and white ; 34-42 centimeters
- Ruddock Mackay and H.C.G. Matthew “Balfour Arthur James, first earl of Balfour (1848‒1930),” in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 2004).
Last updated: September 11, 2017