General John J. Pershing, Commander in Chief of the American Expeditionary Forces
General John J. Pershing (1860‒1948) was appointed commander of the American Expeditionary Forces (A.E.F.) on May 7, 1917. At the time of the United States entry to World War I, the regular army consisted of, at most, 130,000 men, so Pershing organized and trained the A.E.F. almost from scratch and built it into an army of nearly two million. Its contribution to the last six months of the war was critical. This photograph is from the War of the Nations, a compilation of 1,398 rotogravure images with brief descriptive captions relating to World War I and its immediate aftermath. The book was published by the New York Times Company and includes images that appeared in the Mid-Week Pictorial, a weekly magazine of news photographs published by the New York Times Company between 1914 and 1937. The photographs depict the main military and civilian leaders from the countries involved in the war, battle scenes, major weapons systems, ruins and destruction wrought by the fighting, the return of troops after the war and victory celebrations in various countries, and scenes from the Paris Peace Conference. In addition to the Western front in France and Belgium, the pictures cover the other theaters of the war, including the Eastern, Italian, and Balkans fronts, the Dardanelles and Gallipoli campaign, and the campaign in Mesopotamia and Palestine. Postwar developments covered include the revolutions in Germany and Russia and the intervention by Allied and American troops in Siberia. The book has a table of contents; 32 maps, including pictorial maps that illustrate fronts and campaigns; and a three-page appendix that provides a chronology of 1914‒19, statistics (including mobilized strength and the numbers of dead, wounded, and missing from all the belligerents), key wartime events, and the main provisions of the Treaty of Versailles that formally ended the war.
New York Times Company, New York
Type of Item
1 print : black and white ; 34-42 centimeters
Last updated: September 11, 2017