Woodrow Wilson, Twenty-Eighth President of the United States


When Woodrow Wilson (1856–1924) ran for a second term as U.S. president, he campaigned on the slogan “He kept us out of the war.” He won reelection on November 7, 1916, and tried to maintain U.S. neutrality. On April 2, 1917, he nevertheless called on Congress to declare war on Germany. Wilson was motivated in part by constant German attacks on U.S. shipping and by a German attempt to persuade Mexico to attack the United States. The United States entered World War I on April 6, 1917. This photograph is from the War of the Nations, a compilation of 1,398 rotogravure images with brief descriptive captions relating to World War I and its immediate aftermath. The book was published by the New York Times Company and includes images that appeared in the Mid-Week Pictorial, a weekly magazine of news photographs published by the New York Times Company between 1914 and 1937. The photographs depict the main military and civilian leaders from the countries involved in the war, battle scenes, major weapons systems, ruins and destruction wrought by the fighting, the return of troops after the war and victory celebrations in various countries, and scenes from the Paris Peace Conference. In addition to the Western front in France and Belgium, the pictures cover the other theaters of the war, including the Eastern, Italian, and Balkans fronts, the Dardanelles and Gallipoli campaign, and the campaign in Mesopotamia and Palestine. Postwar developments covered include the revolutions in Germany and Russia and the intervention by Allied and American troops in Siberia. The book has a table of contents; 32 maps, including pictorial maps that illustrate fronts and campaigns; and a three-page appendix that provides a chronology of 1914‒19, statistics (including mobilized strength and the numbers of dead, wounded, and missing from all the belligerents), key wartime events, and the main provisions of the Treaty of Versailles that formally ended the war.

Last updated: November 14, 2017