Map of the Russian-Austrian-German Borders Where the Great Battles of the Current European War Are Fought

Description

This map of the eastern front in World War I, probably dating from late 1914, shows the locations of the major battles along the frontiers between the main Central Powers, Germany and Austria-Hungary, and the Russian Empire, a member of the Triple Entente allied with Great Britain and France. The map was published by O Imparcial, a leading Rio de Janeiro newspaper, and reflects the keen interest of the Brazilian public in the war in Europe. The title of the map is in Portuguese; the map itself is in French. The table in the lower right lists the 23 army corps that made up the bulk of the German army in 1914. Each corps was based in a different military district and headquartered in a major city in that district. A corps generally was composed of two (in some cases three) divisions. The troops in these divisions were drawn from the cities, towns, and rural areas of the district. German preparations for war were based on the Schlieffen Plan, named after Field Marshall Alfred von Schlieffen (1833‒1913), chief of the Imperial German General Staff from 1891 to 1906. Assuming that Germany would have to fight a two-front war against France and Russia, Schlieffen developed a plan that called for using almost the entire German army to win a quick and decisive victory in the west, and then shifting troops eastward to face Russia. The Schlieffen Plan ultimately failed. The Germans were unable to capture Paris and to knock France out of the war, and thus became bogged down in a long conflict in the west at the same time that they and their Austrian allies were fighting Russia in the east.

Date Created

Subject Date

Publication Information

Brazilian Advertising Company, Rio de Janeiro

Title in Original Language

Mappa das fronteiras russo-austro-allemãs onde se travam as grandes batalhas da actual guerra européa

Additional Subjects

Type of Item

Physical Description

1 map : black-and-white ; 48 x 36 centimeters

Notes

  • As printed in O Imparcial newspaper

Last updated: November 14, 2017