Our Cavalry's Occupied Khabarovsk, and March-Past Took Place in Front of the Enemy's Gun-Boats

Description

During the Russian Civil War, Japanese and White Russian forces captured the city of Khabarovsk, located on the Amur River, on September 5, 1918. These forces also accepted the surrender of the Soviet Amur Military Flotilla, consisting of 28 ships. This lithograph shows the flotilla in the background. Japanese cavalry are seen marching past the statue of Russian diplomat and statesman Count Nikolai Muravyov-Amursky. In the courtyard in the foreground, Bolshevik soldiers are surrendering to bayonet-wielding Japanese troops. Muravyov-Amursky was a native of Saint Petersburg who served as governor-general of Eastern Siberia from 1847–61 and was instrumental in expanding Russian control in the region to the shores of the Amur River. The statue in his memory was erected in 1891. It was replaced in 1929 with a statue of Vladimir Lenin, but the monument to Muravyov-Amursky was restored in 1993. Between August 1918 and October 1922, the Imperial Japanese Army participated in the “Siberian Intervention,” an attempt by the Allied powers of World War I to support White Russian forces against the Bolsheviks in the Russian Civil War (1917–22). Soldiers from nine countries participated in the intervention, which began in August 1918. While the United States and the United Kingdom withdrew their forces in 1920, the Japanese army remained in the Russian Far East and Siberia for another two years. More than 70,000 Japanese troops participated in the fighting. To support the action of the Japanese military, in 1919 Tokyo-based publisher Shōbidō Co. Ltd. produced a series of patriotic lithographic prints depicting various scenes from the campaign entitled “The Illustration of the Siberian War.”

Last updated: November 14, 2017