The Japanese Army Occupied Habalofsk (Khabarovsk). Amur Fleet Surrendered


Japanese and White Russian forces fighting in the Russian Civil War captured the city of Khabarovsk, located on the Amur River, on September 5, 1918. On September 7, 1918, the forces accepted the surrender of the Soviet Amur Military Flotilla, which consisted of 28 ships, including eight turret gunboats and 10 smaller gunboats along with 20 civilian ships. The flotilla had first come into service during the Russo-Japanese War of 1904–05. During its occupation of Khabarovsk, the Japanese Army seized nearly all the ships of the Amur Flotilla, using some in its own river patrols on the Amur and destroying others. After 1922, the Soviet Union began to rebuild the fleet, and in 1925–26, nearly all of the ships taken by the Japanese were returned. Between August 1918 and October 1922, the Imperial Japanese Army participated in the “Siberian Intervention,” an attempt by the Allied powers of World War I to support White Russian forces against the Bolsheviks in the Russian Civil War (1917–22). Soldiers from nine countries participated in the intervention, which began in August 1918. While the United States and the United Kingdom withdrew their forces in 1920, the Japanese army remained in the Russian Far East and Siberia for another two years. More than 70,000 Japanese troops participated in the fighting. To support the action of the Japanese military, in 1919 Tokyo-based publisher Shōbidō Co. Ltd. produced a series of patriotic lithographic prints depicting various scenes from the campaign entitled “The Illustration of the Siberian War.”

Last updated: November 14, 2017