The Revolutionary Council in Official Uniform, in the Deliberation Room


In the late 19th century, before the widespread use of photography in newspapers and magazines, the French press used wood engravings to illustrate its publications. This technique, known as woodcut printing, is performed by carving an image out of a piece of wood, generally boxwood, and applying ink to the relief pattern of the piece to engrave the image onto a surface. This engraving was originally published on March 19, 1881, in the Parisian magazine L’Illustration. The caption explains that it shows the Provisional Revolutionary Council of Andorra. The origin of this council was the popular revolution of 1881, when the Andorrans requested the authorities to approve of casinos and other leisure activities in Andorra. This revolutionary movement managed to overthrow the Consell General de les Valls (General Council, or parliament of Andorra) and replace it with a Provisional Revolutionary Council, charged with defending the interests of Andorrans. The council members in the engraving can be seen wearing the traditional costume, including the tricorn and the coat. The engraving also shows an interior of the Casa de la Vall (headquarters of the General Council) as it looked in those days, before many modern renovations changed the appearance of the building. The illustration is by Louis Dunki (1856‒1915), a Swiss illustrator from the École des Beaux-Arts de Genève who worked for various French magazines as well as for Édouard Castres and other notable artists.

Date Created

Subject Date

Publication Information

J. J. Dubochet, Paris


Title in Original Language

Le Conseil Général insurrectionnel, en costume officiel, dans la salle de ses délibérations

Type of Item

Physical Description

1 print : woodcut


  • From L'Illustration, volume 39, number 1986, March 19, 1881

Last updated: March 24, 2017