The Andorra Question: Statements Raised by the Most Illustrious Consell General of the Valleys of Andorra to His Excellency the Bishop of Urgel and to the Most Holy Father


Under the pariatge, or pariage treaty of 1278, the Principality of Andorra was placed under the joint suzerainty of the Spanish bishop of Urgel and the French count of Foix (whose rights later were transferred to the French crown, later the government of France, and eventually to the president of France). La cuestión de Andorra (The Andorra question) in the title of this book refers to the struggle in the late 19th century over sovereignty between the Consell General (General Council of the Valleys, the elected assembly of Andorra) and the two co-princes of Andorra, Bishop Salvador Casañas i Pagés and the government of France. The popular revolution of 1881, which took place in December 1880‒June 1881, triggered tumultuous confrontations between the two co-princes and between their supporters. On the one hand, the French government grew more interested in the rights it had over Andorra and agreed to help improve communications if Andorra became administratively part of France. On the other hand, the bishopric of Urgel wanted to retain its rights over the co-principality. The majority of Andorrans were against becoming subjects to either one of the co-princes, which would mean, in effect, losing their independence as a nation, and they wanted to participate in the country’s political life. This book is a transcription of the letters sent on October 18, 1894, by the Consell General to the bishop of Urgel Salvador Casañas i Pagés, and to Pope Leo XIII. By publishing the letters, the Consell General sought to make clear to public opinion its official position regarding the confrontation with Bishop Salvador Casañas i Pagés.

Last updated: June 30, 2016