The Independent Government of Afghanistan and the Duties of its Citizens


Dawlat-i mustaqilah-ʼi Afghānistān va vaẓāyif-i millat-i Afghān (The independent government of Afghanistan and the duties of its citizens) is an early 20th century work on the rights and duties of citizenship for the peoples of Afghanistan. The author, Ghulam Muhyi al-Din, begins with a discussion on the role of society in the conduct of citizens and proceeds to an enumeration of the duties of citizens to the state. The book provides descriptions of the different parts of the state apparatus, including governmental ministries and courthouses. It also has sections on the equality of citizens before the law and on the importance of loyalty to the state. A section on the proper usage of parks and public spaces includes an imaginary dialogue between students, which suggests that Ghulam intended his work to be accessible for a young audience. The book likely would have been a useful instructional tool for the teaching of civics to citizens of different ages and backgrounds in a rapidly modernizing Afghanistan. The book was posthumously published in year 1307 of the Jalali (solar) calendar (i.e., 1928‒29). This coincides with the abdication from the throne of the Afghan ruler Amanullah Khan (reigned 1919–29). In a section of the book on the importance of patriotism, Amanullah Khan’s name has been blotted out, suggesting that the work remained in use even after his abdication.

Last updated: September 30, 2016