New York State Attorney General Daniel S. Dickinson
Daniel Stevens Dickinson (1800–66) was U.S. senator from 1844 to 1851 and attorney general of New York in 1861. Born in Goshen, Connecticut, and raised in Guilford, New York, he studied law and was admitted to the New York Bar in 1828. In 1844 he was selected to fill a Democratic seat in the U.S. Senate and served until 1851. He left the Democratic Party in 1848 to become a member of the Free Soil Party, which opposed the extension of slavery into newly acquired U.S. territories. He supported Abraham Lincoln in the presidential election of 1860 and was a War Democrat during the Civil War. After the war he was appointed by Lincoln to serve as the United States attorney for the Southern District of New York, a post in which he remained until his death. The image is from an album of mostly Civil War-era portraits by the famous American photographer Matthew Brady (circa 1823‒96) that belonged to Emperor Pedro II of Brazil (1825‒91), a collector of photography as well as a photographer himself. The album was a gift to the emperor from Edward Anthony (1818‒88), another early American photographer who, in partnership with his brother, owned a company that in the 1850s became the leading seller of photographic supplies in the United States. Dom Pedro may have acquired the album during a trip to the United States in 1876 when he, along with President Ulysses S. Grant, opened the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia. Brady was born in upstate New York, the son of immigrants from Ireland. Best known for his photographs documenting the battles of the American Civil War, he began his career in 1844 when he opened a daguerreotype portrait studio at the corner of Broadway and Fulton Streets in New York City. Over the course of the next several decades, Brady produced portraits of leading American public figures, many of which were published as engravings in magazines and newspapers. In 1858 he opened a branch in Washington, DC. The album, which also contains a small number of non-photographic prints, is part of the Thereza Christina Maria Collection at the National Library of Brazil. The collection is composed of 21,742 photos assembled by Emperor Pedro II throughout his life and donated by him to the national library. The collection covers a wide variety of subjects. It documents the achievements of Brazil and Brazilians in the 19th century and also includes many photographs of Europe, Africa, and North America.
Edward Anthony, New York
Type of Item
1 photographic print : carte-de-visite, albumen paper ; 8.5 x 5.4 centimeters
- Phillis F. Field, “Dickinson, Daniel Stevens,” in American National Biography (New York: Oxford University Press, 1999).
Last updated: March 30, 2016